Odisha Sun Times Bureau
Bhubaneswar, Dec 1:
Despite frequent awareness campaigns to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS, no visible result has been reported in Odisha with 39,629 HIV infected people and 1,717 AIDS patients have been detected in the state while 1495 persons have died of AIDS till date. The number of AIDS patients in India is 2.39 million.
Most of the HIV/AIDS patients detected in the state got infected due to unprotected sex.
According to a report of the Odisha State AIDS Control Society, 3479 HIV positive persons were detected in the state in 2013 which reduced to 3357 in 2014 and 3066 in 2015.
Highest number of HIV/AIDS infected patients were detected in Ganjam district out of which 13,585 were tested HIV positive and 531 AIDS patients.
As many as 161 AIDS patients were detected in Koraput district while Cuttack registered 119 patients, 88 in Bhadrak, 76 in Angul, 61 each in Bolangir and Balasore.
Though 94 persons have been detected HIV positive in Sonepur district, the number of AIDS patient are found to be zero.
Two AIDS patients in Deogarh, four in Boudh, six in Keonjhar, and seven in Kalahandi district have been detected.
However, people between 25 and 49 years are getting highly infected with AIDS which has raised a concern. From 2002 to 2016, at least 29, 194 persons of this age group were infected, 78 percent of the total infection, out of which 19, 487 were male while 9, 707 were female.
Age group of 15-24 years registered nine percent while below 14 years age group shared seven percent and above 50 years old made up six percent of the total number of AIDS patients in the state.
The statistics also revealed that 88 percent people of the total number have been infected due to unprotected sex comprising 21, 400 males and 11, 533 females.
At least six percent (2, 411 patients) have been contracted the infection from parents to child or Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission (PPTCT).
As many as 629 people have been infected through uses of infected needles.
The number of persons infected HIV contaminated blood transfusions is 460.
However, the state government has initiated Targeted Interventions (TI) programme to control spread of HIV/AIDS.
Through TI programme 6, 99, 070 persons have been offered HIV related services. Notably, twelve TIs are working for women sex workers.
It may be mentioned here that December 1 is being celebrated as World AIDS Day worldwide to unite people in the fight against HIV.