Kathmandu: Nepal’s exports to India has been adversely affected after the Indian government enforced the Goods and Services Tax (GST) this year, a media report said.
The GST is an indirect tax introduced in India on July 1 to make it one unified common market. It is a single tax on the supply of goods and services, right from the manufacturer to the consumer.
Export of major export items to India which was enjoying zero duty or nominal tariff earlier dropped significantly, according to a Nepal Rastra Bank report.
Export of juice, jute products, vegetables and fruits, processed food like biscuits and noodles and cardamom, among others, plunged heavily, the Himalayan Times reported.
Export of juice, which was a major export item to India in the previous years, plunged by 57 percent in the first two months of current fiscal as compared to corresponding period of the previous fiscal year.
Nepal exported juice products worth Rs 344 million in first two months of the ongoing fiscal as compared to Rs 800 million in the same period of previous fiscal, the report said.
Export of juice products to India was on the rise since last several years as the Indian multinational Dabur Nepal was the largest exporter of juice to India.
As per the central bank’s data, export of juice had surged by 50 percent in the first two months of fiscal 2016-17 compared to the corresponding period of fiscal 2015-16.
The major reason behind the significant decline in export of juice was increased tariff to export to the Indian market.
According to exporters, they had to pay 12 percent integrated goods and services tax (IGST) to export juice to India, compared to 6.18 percent in the pre-GST regime.
They said the Indian market now has become 5.82 percent costlier for juice exporters post GST implementation.
Likewise, export of large cardamom plunged by 45.3 percent, fruits (85.9 percent), vegetables (39 percent), noodles (34 percent) and jute goods (2.3 percent) in the first two months of this fiscal as compared to the corresponding period of last fiscal.
There were high tariff differences in a post- and pre-GST period in vegetables, processed food, and other agriculture products, according to the bank report.
Shekhar Golchha, senior vice president of the Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce and Industry, said Nepali goods have become less competitive in the Indian market as they have to pay high duty in the post-GST period.
“Nepali exporters should diversify their market in short-term and be competitive in longer-term to tap the huge market opportunity in India,” he said.