Odisha Sun Times Bureau
Bhubaneswar, Jul 27:
Nine times more people died in human error induced accidents (unnatural) than natural calamities in 2014 in Odisha.
While 1,132 persons have died due to natural calamities in the state last year, 9,870 lives have been lost due to human error induced accidents during the same period.
Out of deaths caused in accidents due to human error, road accidents account for the maximum of 4,299 deaths, drowning 794 and accidental fires 712.
These are some of the highlights of the latest National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) data.
For the first time, NCRB has segregated the ‘unnatural causes’ data into two categories –one which involves human error and ‘other causes’ involving incidents such as heart attack, death during pregnancy, animal attacks and hooch tragedies etc. NCRB records show that 2,222 deaths were recorded in the state due to ‘other causes’. Earlier these data were part of ‘unnatural causes’ which included human error. Together, deaths under these two categories in 2014 number 12,092.
In comparison with deaths due to natural calamities in 2013, there has been a 40% decrease last year. While there had been 1885 deaths natural calamities in 2013, 1,132 persons had died of natural calamities in 2014.
Not only in Odisha, there has been a decreasing trend in deaths due to natural calamities over the years in other states too whereas deaths caused due to human error induced accidents has been rising, according to the NCRB database. Man has been successful to some extent in saving itself from the vagaries of nature.
While about 10,000 people had lost their lives in the super cyclone in 1999, the combined death toll in 2013 Phailin and 2014 Hudhud was limited within 50. Similarly, death toll due to sunstroke has been very low.
While Odisha’s population has been recording an average increase of five lakh per annum, the death toll due to natural calamities has been decreasing every year. This has been possible due to scientific advances, alertness, better forecast technology, improvement in capabilities of disaster mitigation measures and response.
While people of the state have improved their capabilities in protecting themselves against cyclones and floods, they have terribly failed in controlling themselves. There has been 4.4% more deaths in 2013 due to human error induced accidents. While deaths to human error induced accidents stood at 11,586 in 2013, it was 12,092 in 2014.
In 2014, 289 people had died of natural calamities and lightning, 78 due to sunstroke, 4 due to cold, 1 due to epidemic, 4 due to floods, 1 due to landslide and 755 due to other reasons. Similarly, 4299 had died in road mishaps, 712 in fires, 471 by falling down, 214 due to electrocution and 794 due to drowning in human error induced accidents category. In the ‘unnatural causes’ type under the ‘other causes’ category 511 have died due to snake bites, 864 due to poisoning and 106 due to animal attacks.
The NCRB has compiled this database by listing 15 types of natural calamities, 15 human error induced accidents and 9 types of unnatural deaths.